While RNGs have historically been made from hardware, the most advanced and convenient ones are fully software based. The dice is a great example of a very limited physical random generator. Software isn’t limited to the sides of a cube, so can achieve more unpredictable results.
That said, the existence of an algorithm, no matter how unpredictable, still means that there is a method behind its madness. That’s why software is often called pseudorandom. Fortunately, it’s random enough to confuse humans and pre-empt any security threats.
Computers, by nature of computing, cannot be totally random. Without getting philosophical, we also have no way of measuring if any outcome is truly random or its degree of randomness in real life.
How RNGs benefit e-commerce
Now that we know a bit more about randomness, let’s discuss how RNG tech dovetails with e-commerce and other retail technologies.
First, the main benefit of using RNGs is found in giveaways. That’s how the average person, both business owner and customer, interacts with RNGs in their day to day. If you run an e-commerce store, then you should learn how to do a giveaway and make it successful.
When giveaways and other competitions drive sales, the benefits speak for themselves. They also help build a community, ensuring you have a long-term consumer base.
On the backend, an RNG is also needed for sophisticated encryption. This means messages sent to and from business contacts can be better protected, including financial documents and invoices.
There is a whole burgeoning field of cryptographically secure pseudorandom number generators, or CSPRNG, for this purpose.